From nudist areas at nearly every public lake (complete with a naked grill zone) to certified prostitutes who pay taxes and contribute to the pension system, Germany has always been a bastion of free liberal thinking when it comes to human sexuality. Who a particular politician is sleeping with at the moment has little significance beyond the pages of its daily newspaper of Die Bild, Germany's largest tabloid newspaper, and very little bearing on elections. Die Bild also has a nude girl on page one (since moved to the back). English Garden also has a nudist area, not somewhere in the hinterland either, but right at the place where anyone who is walking from the old city to the central hub of the park is confronted with it. Homosexuality, though not fully embraced by the whole population, is more or less an afterthought for most. Magazine covers with nude girls stare out from the display glass of local kiosks. Many TV stations after midnight are transformed into soft porn channels, complete with full frontal nudity, for an appreciating public. All of this only leads to a larger sense of contradiction and confusion in juxtaposition to Germany's laws banning incest.
A few years ago Patrick S., from Leipzig, was charged, convicted and punished for his incestuous relationship with his sister Susan K. They have had four children together, two of whom have some mental disabilities. Susan was not punished because the court felt she also had some development issues and her emotional makeup was not completely mature. Patrick appealed to the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) arguing that his basic rights were violated and that Germany should not have been allowed to punish two consenting adults for their sexual activities. But the ECHR ruled that Germany could punish them for incest, and that Germany's laws against incest were also permissible.
But the reasoning behind the decision by the court has perhaps asked more questions than it has answered. The ECHR ruled that the main basis of punishment for an incestuous relationship was "the protection of marriage and family," and because it blurs family roles. It also stated that incest carries "the risk of significant damage" to children born of such a relationship. Patrick's attorneys argued that children born to mothers in their late forties or fifties also had significant risk. The ECHR disagreed.
Mothers who choose to use fertility drugs and allow multiple births, like the "Octomom" who had octuplets, also have very high risks involved. Women who drink vodka from the bottle and chase it down with cans of Red Bull, only to be interrupted by smoking cigarettes, are also at an extremely high risk for their unborn fetuses. Should these activities be made illegal too?
In Germany, same-sex partners are not permitted to adopt children. So the ECHR's allowance of punishment for 'blurring' the roles of a mother and father is a legitimate reason, if the case were about homosexuality and not incest. It is irrelevant in this case.
Many developed countries have no laws banning incest, though often they are not allowed to marry. These include France, Japan, The Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, Finland and Brazil to name a few. The countries which do have strict laws forbidding incestuous relationships tend to be former countries of the British Commonwealth like Canada and Australia, and include the USA. Germany's law on incest is quite peculiar. If a woman would like to be artificially inseminated by the sperm of a lineal relative, i.e. by a brother or her father, this is allowed. But if she becomes pregnant through coitus (sexual intercourse), this is outlawed. The law is actually a law against sex between two consenting adults. Incest is not banned for the safety of the possible progeny, but is a kind of legislation on what happens within the bedroom. So the ECHR's rationale for siding with Germany that incest creates "the risk of significant damage" to the offspring seems to be illogical when looking at the actual German law. One has to wonder if there are some other agenda or agreement here. Many Germans think that this law should be changed and put more in line with the prevailing attitudes of nudity, sex and tolerance, but very few politicians would agree.
What do you think? Feel free to send your comments to TMT.
|An adult should be free to share love, sex, residence, and marriage with any consenting adult. The reasons people give for criminalizing consensual sex between close relatives are not reasons that are consistently applied elsewhere.|
|Very interesting article. Indeed, the German law has a big flaw here, it seems totally illogical. Note that in the case they mention, the reason two of the children are retarded has probably more to do with the fact that the mother is retarded than with the parents relationship. If no incestuous mariages had been allowed in the past, there would be no more royal family in Europe.|
Ken Macbeth Knowles
|I found this whole story intriguing to begin with and then when I heard about what you found in your research, I was even more fascinated. Try as I might, I still can't stomach the thought that incest is legal. It's a gut feeling for me. The whole topic makes me very uncomfortable.|
|Great article with some pertinent points made. It does indeed seem like the law in question is based on dubious reasoning. You can legally artificially inseminate your sibling, but not do it naturally, and this is because of the risk of genetic defects being magnified. As you point out, there are other factors which carry significant risks as well. Unfortunately, this subject is not in the politicians' scope (no votes to win, everything to lose), so amending that law will be a labour of love for some poor dedicated campaigner.|
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