We know that in humans, people who have faced adversity as children show an inclination towards anti-social behavior and other neurological disorders such as bipolar depression, borderline personality disorder amongst others, later in life.
As a result, maternal care in many species, including humans has been shown to influence how an infant views his/her surroundings and grows a personality.
As parents we hope to teach children how to face adversities. However, two recent studies suggest quite an unconventional method of passing on this information in fishes and mice!
The study from the group of Dr. Alison Bell, at the University of Illinois, shows that father's care in three-spined stickleback fish produces...